Configuring the Key Management Server (KMS)
Hadoop Key Management Server (KMS) is a cryptographic key management server based on the Hadoop KeyProvider API. It provides a KeyProvider implementation client that interacts with the KMS using the HTTP REST API.
Both the KMS and its client support HTTP SPNEGO Kerberos authentication and TLS/SSL-secured communication. The KMS is a Java-based web application that uses a preconfigured Jetty server bundled with the Hadoop distribution.
- Java KeyStore KMS - The default Hadoop KMS included in CDH that uses a file-based Java KeyStore (JKS) for its backing keystore. For parcel-based installations, no additional action is required to install or upgrade the KMS. Cloudera strongly recommends not using Java Keystore KMS in production environments. Java KeyStore KMS does not support high availability.
- Key Trustee KMS - A custom KMS that uses Cloudera Navigator Key Trustee Server for its backing keystore instead of the file-based Java KeyStore (JKS) used by the default Hadoop KMS. Cloudera strongly recommends using Key Trustee KMS in production environments to improve the security, durability, and scalability of your cryptographic key management. Also, integrating Key Trustee Server with Cloudera Navigator Key HSM provides an additional layer of protection.
- Navigator KMS Services backed by Thales HSM - A custom KMS that uses a supported Thales Hardware Security Module (HSM) as its backing keystore. This KMS service provides the highest level of key isolation to customers who require it.
- Navigator KMS Services backed by Luna HSM - A custom KMS that uses a supported Luna Hardware Security Module (HSM) as its backing keystore. This KMS provides the highest level of key isolation to customers who require it.