Configure Partitions

You can partition a cluster into sub-clusters so that jobs run on nodes with specific characteristics. You can configure these partitions, so that you run YARN applications on cluster nodes of the specified partition.

Partition can be specified as exclusive or non-exclusive/shareable:

  • exclusive - Access is restricted to applications running in queues associated with the partition.
  • non-exclusive - If idle capacity is available on the partition, resources are shared with all applications in the cluster.

The fundamental unit of scheduling in YARN is the queue. The capacity of each queue specifies the percentage of cluster resources that are available for applications submitted to the queue. Queues can be set up in a hierarchy that reflects the resource requirements and access restrictions required by the various organizations, groups, and users that utilize cluster resources.

Using partition, you can divide a cluster into sub-clusters so that jobs can be run on partitions with specific characteristics. For example, you can use a partition to run memory-intensive jobs only on nodes with a larger amount of RAM. Partitions can be assigned to cluster nodes, and specified as exclusive or non-exclusive. You can then associate partition with capacity scheduler queues. Each node can be associated with only one partition.

Partition Type: Exclusive

When a queue is associated with one or more exclusive partitions, all applications submitted by the queue will have exclusive access to the nodes in those partitions.

Partition Type: Non-exclusive

When a queue is associated with one or more non-exclusive partitions, all applications submitted by the queue get first priority on nodes in those partitions. If idle capacity is available on those partition nodes, resources are shared with other applications in the cluster. Non-labeled applications are preempted if labeled applications request new resources on the labeled nodes.

Queues without associate partition

If no partition is assigned to a queue, the applications submitted by the queue can run on any node without a partition, and on nodes with non-exclusive partitions if idle resources are available.


Labeled applications that request labeled resources preempt non-labeled applications on labeled nodes. If a labeled resource is not explicitly requested, the normal rules of preemption apply. Non-labeled applications cannot preempt labeled applications running on labeled nodes.