Wildcards and variables in resource-based policies

Reference for wildcards and variables in resource-based policies.

Ranger Authorization Resource Policy Wildcard Characters

Wildcard characters can be included in the resource path, the database name, the table name, or the column name:
  • * indicates zero or more occurrences of characters

  • ? indicates a single character

Ranger Authorization Resource Policy {USER} Variable

The variable {USER} can be used to autofill the accessing user, for example:

In Select User, choose {USER}.

In Resource Path, enter data_{USER}.

Ranger Authorization Resource Policy {USER} Variable Recommended Practices and Customizability

Ranger requires that string '{USER}' is used to represent accessing user as the user in the policy-item in a Ranger policy. However, Ranger provides flexible way of customizing the string that is used as shorthand to represent the accessing user's name in the policy resource specification. By default, Ranger policy resource specification expects characters '{' and '}' as delimiters for string 'USER', however, ranger supports customizable way of specifying delimiter characters, escaping those delimiters, and the string 'USER' itself by prefixing it with another, user-specified string on a per resource-level basis in the service definition of each component supported by Ranger.

For example, if for a certain HDFS installation, if the path names may contain '{' or '}' as valid characters, but not '%' character, then the service-definition for HDFS can be specified as:
"resources": [
      "itemId": 1,
      "name": "path",
      "type": "path",
      "level": 10,
      "parent": "",
      "mandatory": true,
      "lookupSupported": true,
      "recursiveSupported": true,
      "excludesSupported": false,
      "matcher": "org.apache.ranger.plugin.resourcematcher.RangerPathResourceMatcher",
      "matcherOptions": {"wildcard": true, "ignoreCase": false}, "replaceTokens":true, "tokenDelimiterStart":"%", "tokenDelimiterEnd":"%", "tokenDelimiterPrefix":"rangerToken:"}
      "validationMessage": "",
      "label": "Resource Path",
      "description": "HDFS file or directory
Corresponding ranger policy for the use case for HDFS will be written as follow:
resource: path=/home/%rangerToken:USER%
user: {USER}
permissions: all, delegateAdmin=true
The following customizable matcherOptions are available for this feature:
  • replaceTokens: true if short-hand for user in resource-spec needs to be replaced at run-time with current-user's name; false if the resource-spec needs to be interpreted as it is. Default value: true.

  • tokenDelimiterStart: Identifies start character of short-hand for current-user in resource specification. Default value: {.

  • tokenDelimiterEnd: Identifies end character of short-hand for current-user in resource specification. Default value:}.

  • tokenDelimiterEscape: Identifies escape character for escaping tokenDelimiterStart or tokenDelimiterEnd values in resource specification. Default value: \.

  • tokenDelimiterPrefix: Identifies special prefix which together with string 'USER' makes up short-hand for current-user's name in the resource specification. Default value: .