Operating System Requirements

This topic describes the operating system requirements for CDP Private Cloud Base.

CDP Private Cloud Base Supported Operating Systems

Please see the Cloudera Support Matrix for detailed information about supported operating systems.

Operating System support for the CDP Private Cloud Base Trial Installer

SLES 12 SP5 is not supported when using the Using the Trial Installer (cloudera-manager-installer.bin) to install Cloudera Manager.

Important information about Runtime and Cloudera Manager Supported Operating Systems

Runtime provides parcels for select versions of RHEL-compatible operating systems.

Software Dependencies

  • Python - Python dependencies for the different CDP components is mentioned below:
    Cloudera Manager
    Cloudera Manager supports the system Python on supported OSes.
    Hue requires Python 3.8.
    Spark 2.4 supports Python 2.7 and 3.4-3.7.
    Spark 3.0 supports Python 2.7 and 3.4 and higher, although support for Python 2 and 3.4 to 3.5 is deprecated.
    Spark 3.1 supports Python 3.6 and higher.
    If the right level of Python is not picked up by default, set the PYSPARK_PYTHON and PYSPARK_DRIVER_PYTHON environment variables to point to the correct Python executable before running the pyspark command.
  • Perl - Cloudera Manager requires perl.
  • python-psycopg2 - Cloudera Manager 7 has a dependency on the package python-psycopg2. Hue in Runtime 7 requires a higher version of psycopg2 than is required by the Cloudera Manager dependency. For more information, see Installing the psycopg2 Python Package.
  • iproute package - CDP Private Cloud Base has a dependency on the iproute package. Any host that runs the Cloudera Manager Agent requires the package. The required version varies depending on the operating system:
    Table 1. iproute package
    Operating System iproute version
    RHEL 7 Compatible iproute-3.10

Filesystem Requirements

Supported Filesystems

The Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) is designed to run on top of an underlying filesystem in an operating system. Cloudera recommends that you use either of the following filesystems tested on the supported operating systems:

  • ext3: This is the most tested underlying filesystem for HDFS.
  • ext4: This scalable extension of ext3 is supported in more recent Linux releases.
  • XFS: This is the default filesystem in RHEL 7.
  • S3: Amazon Simple Storage Service

Kudu Filesystem Requirements - Kudu is supported on ext4 and XFS. Kudu requires a kernel version and filesystem that supports hole punching. Hole punching is the use of the fallocate(2) system call with the FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE option set.

File Access Time

Linux filesystems keep metadata that record when each file was accessed. This means that even reads result in a write to the disk. To speed up file reads, Cloudera recommends that you disable this option, called atime, using the noatime mount option in /etc/fstab:

/dev/sdb1 /data1 ext4 defaults,noatime 0

Apply the change without rebooting:

mount -o remount /data1

Filesystem Mount Options

The filesystem mount options have a sync option that allows you to write synchronously.

Using the sync filesystem mount option reduces performance for services that write data to disks, such as HDFS, YARN, Kafka and Kudu. In CDH, most writes are already replicated. Therefore, synchronous writes to disk are unnecessary, expensive, and do not measurably improve stability.

NFS and NAS options are not supported for use as DataNode Data Directory mounts, even when using Hierarchical Storage features.

Cloudera supports mounting /tmp with the noexec option. Mounting /tmp as a filesystem with the noexec option is sometimes done as an enhanced security measure to prevent the execution of files stored there.

Filesystem Requirements

Cloudera Manager automatically sets nproc configuration in /etc/security/limits.conf, but this configuration can be overridden by individual files in /etc/security/limits.d/. This can cause problems with Apache Impala and other components.

Make sure that the nproc limits are set sufficiently high, such as 65536 or 262144.

nscd for Kudu

Although not a strict requirement, it's highly recommended that you usenscd to cache both DNS name resolution and static name resolution for Kudu.