Periodically rebuilding a materialized view
Using materialized views can enhance query performance. You need to refresh materialized view contents when new data is added to the underlying table. Instead of rebuilding the materialized view manually, you can schedule this task. Rebuilding occurs periodically and transparently to users.
This task assumes you created the following schemas for storing employee and departmental information:
CREATE TABLE emps ( empid INTEGER, deptno INTEGER, name VARCHAR(256), salary FLOAT, hire_date TIMESTAMP); CREATE TABLE depts ( deptno INTEGER, deptname VARCHAR(256), locationid INTEGER);
Imagine that you add data for a number of employees to the table. Assume many users of your database issue queries to access to data about the employees hired during last year including the department they belong to.
You perform the steps below to create a materialized view of the table to address these queries. Imagine new employees are hired and you add their records to the table. These changes render the materialized view contents outdated. You need to refresh its contents. You create a scheduled query to perform this task. The scheduled rebuilding will not occur unless there are changes to the input tables. You test the scheduled query by bypassing the schedule and executing the schedule immediately. Finally, you change the schedule to rebuild less often.
To handle many queries to access recently hired employee and departmental data,
create a materialized view.
CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW mv_recently_hired AS SELECT empid, name, deptname, hire_date FROM emps JOIN depts ON (emps.deptno = depts.deptno) WHERE hire_date >= '2020-01-01 00:00:00';
Use the materialized view by querying the employee data.
SELECT empid, name FROM emps JOIN depts ON (emps.deptno = depts.deptno) WHERE hire_date >= '2020-03-01 00:00:00' AND deptname = 'finance';
Assuming new hiring occurred and you added new records to the
empstable, rebuild the materialized view.
ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW mv_recently_hired REBUILD;The rebuilding refreshes the contents of the materialized view.
Create a scheduled query to invoke the rebuild statement every 10 minutes.
CREATE SCHEDULED QUERY scheduled_rebuild EVERY 10 MINUTES AS ALTER MATERIALIZED VIEW mv_recently_hired REBUILD;A rebuild executes every 10 minutes, assuming changes to the emp table occur within that period. If a materialized view can be rebuilt incrementally, the scheduled rebuild does not occur unless there are changes to the input tables.
To test the schedule, run a scheduled query immediately.
ALTER SCHEDULED QUERY scheduled_rebuild EXECUTE;
Change the frequency of the rebuilding.
ALTER SCHEDULED QUERY scheduled_rebuild EVERY 20 MINUTES;