Build Image

Once the code snapshot is available, Cloudera Machine Learning creates a new Docker image with a copy of the snapshot.

The new image is based off the project's designated default engine image (configured at Project Settings > Engine). The image environment can be customized by using environmental variables and a build script that specifies which packages should be included in the new image.

Environmental Variables

Both models and experiments inherit environmental variables from their parent project. Furthermore, in case of models, you can specify environment variables for each model build. In case of conflicts, the variables specified per-build will override any values inherited from the project.

For more information, see Engine Environment Variables.

Build Script - cdsw-build.sh

As part of the Docker build process, Cloudera Machine Learning runs a build script called cdsw-build.sh file. You can use this file to customize the image environment by specifying any dependencies to be installed for the code to run successfully. One advantage to this approach is that you now have the flexibility to use different tools and libraries in each consecutive training run. Just modify the build script as per your requirements each time you need to test a new library or even different versions of a library.

The following sections demonstrate how to specify dependencies in Python and R projects so that they are included in the build process for models and experiments.
Python 3
For Python, create a requirements.txt file in your project with a list of packages that must be installed. For example:
Figure 1. requirements.txt
beautifulsoup4==4.6.0
seaborn==0.7.1
Then, create a cdsw-build.sh file in your project and include the following command to install the dependencies listed in requirements.txt.
Figure 2. cdsw-build.sh
pip3 install -r requirements.txt
Now, when cdsw-build.sh is run as part of the build process, it will install the beautifulsoup4 and seaborn packages to the new image built for the experiment/model.
R
For R, create a script called install.R with the list of packages that must be installed. For example:
Figure 3. install.R
install.packages(repos="https://cloud.r-project.org", c("tidyr", "stringr"))
Then, create a cdsw-build.sh file in your project and include the following command to run install.R.
Figure 4. cdsw-build.sh
Rscript install.R
Now, when cdsw-build.sh is run as part of the build process, it will install the tidyr and stringr packages to the new image built for the experiment/model.

If you do not specify a build script, the build process will still run to completion, but the Docker image will not have any additional dependencies installed. At the end of the build process, the built image is then pushed to an internal Docker registry so that it can be made available to all the Cloudera Machine Learning hosts. This push is largely transparent to the end user.