Recover from a dead Kudu master in a multi-master deployment

Kudu multi-master deployments function normally in the event of a master loss. However, it is important to replace the dead master. Otherwise a second failure may lead to a loss of availability, depending on the number of available masters. This workflow describes how to replace the dead master.

Due to KUDU-1620, it is not possible to perform this workflow without also restarting the live masters. As such, the workflow requires a maintenance window, albeit a potentially brief one if the cluster was set up with DNS aliases.