JVM and garbage collection

Learn more about garbage collection for Kafka.

Garbage collection has a huge impact on performance of JVM based applications. It is recommended to use the Garbage-First (G1) garbage collector for Kafka broker. In Cloudera Manager specify the following under Additional Broker Java Options in the Kafka service configuration:

-server -XX:+UseG1GC -XX:MaxGCPauseMillis=20
-XX:InitiatingHeapOccupancyPercent=35 -XX:+DisableExplicitGC
-Djava.awt.headless=true -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true

Cloudera recommends to set 4-8 GB of JVM heap size memory for the brokers depending on your use case. As Kafka’s performance depends heavily on the operating systems page cache, it is not recommended to collocate with other memory-hungry applications.

  • Large messages can cause longer garbage collection (GC) pauses as brokers allocate large chunks. Monitor the GC log and the server log.

    Add this to Broker Java Options:

     -XX:+PrintGC -XX:+PrintGCDetails
  • If long GC pauses cause Kafka to abandon the ZooKeeper session, you may need to configure longer timeout values, see Kafka-ZooKeeper performance tuning for details.