# DENSE_RANK

Returns an ascending sequence of integers, starting with 1. The
output sequence produces duplicate integers for duplicate values
of the `ORDER BY`

expressions. After generating
duplicate output values for the “tied” input values, the
function continues the sequence with the next higher integer.
Therefore, the sequence contains duplicates but no gaps when the
input contains duplicates. Starts the sequence over for each group
produced by the `PARTITIONED BY`

clause.

**Syntax:**

`DENSE_RANK() OVER([``partition_by_clause`] `order_by_clause`)

The `PARTITION BY`

clause is optional. The
`ORDER BY`

clause is required. The window clause
is not allowed.

**Usage notes:**

Often used for top-N and bottom-N queries. For example, it could produce a “top 10” report including all the items with the 10 highest values, even if several items tied for 1st place.

Similar to `ROW_NUMBER`

and
`RANK`

. These functions differ in how they treat
duplicate combinations of values.

**Examples:**

The following example demonstrates how the
`DENSE_RANK()`

function identifies where each
value “places” in the result set, producing the same result
for duplicate values, but with a strict sequence from 1 to the
number of groups. For example, when results are ordered by the
`X`

column, both `1`

values are
tied for first; both `2`

values are tied for
second; and so on.

```
select x, dense_rank() over(order by x) as rank, property from int_t;
+----+------+----------+
| x | rank | property |
+----+------+----------+
| 1 | 1 | square |
| 1 | 1 | odd |
| 2 | 2 | even |
| 2 | 2 | prime |
| 3 | 3 | prime |
| 3 | 3 | odd |
| 4 | 4 | even |
| 4 | 4 | square |
| 5 | 5 | odd |
| 5 | 5 | prime |
| 6 | 6 | even |
| 6 | 6 | perfect |
| 7 | 7 | lucky |
| 7 | 7 | lucky |
| 7 | 7 | lucky |
| 7 | 7 | odd |
| 7 | 7 | prime |
| 8 | 8 | even |
| 9 | 9 | square |
| 9 | 9 | odd |
| 10 | 10 | round |
| 10 | 10 | even |
+----+------+----------+
```

The following examples show how the
`DENSE_RANK()`

function is affected by the
`PARTITION`

property within the ```
ORDER
BY
```

clause.

Partitioning by the `PROPERTY`

column groups all
the even, odd, and so on values together, and
`DENSE_RANK()`

returns the place of each value
within the group, producing several ascending sequences.

```
select x, dense_rank() over(partition by property order by x) as rank, property from int_t;
+----+------+----------+
| x | rank | property |
+----+------+----------+
| 2 | 1 | even |
| 4 | 2 | even |
| 6 | 3 | even |
| 8 | 4 | even |
| 10 | 5 | even |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 1 | 1 | odd |
| 3 | 2 | odd |
| 5 | 3 | odd |
| 7 | 4 | odd |
| 9 | 5 | odd |
| 6 | 1 | perfect |
| 2 | 1 | prime |
| 3 | 2 | prime |
| 5 | 3 | prime |
| 7 | 4 | prime |
| 10 | 1 | round |
| 1 | 1 | square |
| 4 | 2 | square |
| 9 | 3 | square |
+----+------+----------+
```

Partitioning by the `X`

column groups all the
duplicate numbers together and returns the place each value within
the group; because each value occurs only 1 or 2 times,
`DENSE_RANK()`

designates each `X`

value as either first or second within its group.

```
select x, dense_rank() over(partition by x order by property) as rank, property from int_t;
+----+------+----------+
| x | rank | property |
+----+------+----------+
| 1 | 1 | odd |
| 1 | 2 | square |
| 2 | 1 | even |
| 2 | 2 | prime |
| 3 | 1 | odd |
| 3 | 2 | prime |
| 4 | 1 | even |
| 4 | 2 | square |
| 5 | 1 | odd |
| 5 | 2 | prime |
| 6 | 1 | even |
| 6 | 2 | perfect |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 7 | 1 | lucky |
| 7 | 2 | odd |
| 7 | 3 | prime |
| 8 | 1 | even |
| 9 | 1 | odd |
| 9 | 2 | square |
| 10 | 1 | even |
| 10 | 2 | round |
+----+------+----------+
```

The following example shows how `DENSE_RANK()`

produces a continuous
sequence while still allowing for ties. In this case, Croesus and Midas both have the
second largest fortune, while Crassus has the third largest. (In the RANK
function section, you see a similar query with the `RANK()`

function that shows that while Crassus has the third largest fortune, he is the fourth
richest person.)

```
select dense_rank() over (order by net_worth desc) as placement, name, net_worth from wealth order by placement, name;
+-----------+---------+---------------+
| placement | name | net_worth |
+-----------+---------+---------------+
| 1 | Solomon | 2000000000.00 |
| 2 | Croesus | 1000000000.00 |
| 2 | Midas | 1000000000.00 |
| 3 | Crassus | 500000000.00 |
| 4 | Scrooge | 80000000.00 |
+-----------+---------+---------------+
```