Apache NiFi Configuration Best Practices
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Flow Election

When a cluster first starts up, NiFi must determine which of the nodes have the "correct" version of the flow. This is done by voting on the flows that each of the nodes has. When a node attempts to connect to a cluster, it provides a copy of its local flow to the Cluster Coordinator. If no flow has yet been elected the "correct" flow, the node's flow is compared to each of the other Nodes' flows. If another Node's flow matches this one, a vote is cast for this flow. If no other Node has reported the same flow yet, this flow will be added to the pool of possibly elected flows with one vote. After some amount of time has elapsed (configured by setting the nifi.cluster.flow.election.max.wait.time property) or some number of Nodes have cast votes (configured by setting the nifi.cluster.flow.election.max.candidates property), a flow is elected to be the "correct" copy of the flow. All nodes that have incompatible flows are then disconnected from the cluster while those with compatible flows inherit the cluster's flow. Election is performed according to the "popular vote" with the caveat that the winner will never be an "empty flow" unless all flows are empty. This allows an administrator to remove a node's flow.xml.gz file and restart the node, knowing that the node's flow will not be voted to be the "correct" flow unless no other flow is found.