Hardware for HBase
HBase uses different types of caches to fill up memory, and as a general rule the more memory HBase has, the better it can cache read requests. Each slave node in an HBase cluster (RegionServer) maintains a number of regions (regions are the chunks of the data in memory). For large clusters, it is important to ensure that the HBase Master and the NameNode run on separate server machines.
Note that in large scale deployments, ZooKeeper nodes are not co-deployed with the Hadoop/HBase slave nodes.
Choosing storage options
In a distributed setup HBase stores its data in Hadoop DataNodes. To get maximum read/write locality, HBase RegionServers and DataNodes should be co-deployed on the same machines. Therefore all the recommendations for the DataNode and NodeManager hardware setup are also applicable to the RegionServers. Depending on whether your HBase applications are read/write or processing oriented, you must balance the number of disks with the number of CPU cores available. Typically, you should have at least one core per disk.
HBase Master nodes(s) are not as compute intensive as a typical RegionServer or the NameNode server. Therefore a more modest memory setting can be chosen for the HBase master. RegionServer memory requirements depend heavily on the workload characteristics of your HBase cluster. Although over provisioning for memory benefits all the workload patterns, with very large heap sizes Java’s stop-the-world GC pauses may cause problems.
In addition, when running HBase cluster with Hadoop core, you must ensure that you over-provision the memory for Hadoop MapReduce by at least 1 GB to 2 GB per task on top of the HBase memory.