This is the documentation for CDH 5.1.x. Documentation for other versions is available at Cloudera Documentation.

Integrating Hadoop Security with Active Directory

One of the ramifications of enabling security on a Hadoop cluster is that every user who interacts with the cluster must have a Kerberos principal configured. For organizations that use Active Directory to manage user accounts, it can be onerous to create corresponding user accounts for each user in an MIT Kerberos realm. Fortunately, it is possible to integrate Active Directory with Hadoop's security features.
  Important: With CDH 5.1, clusters managed by Cloudera Manager 5.1 do not require a local MIT KDC and are able to integrate directly with an Active Directory KDC. Cloudera recommends you use a direct-to-AD setup. For instructions, refer Configuring Hadoop Security with Cloudera Manager.

If direct integration with AD is not currently possible, use the following instructions to configure a local MIT KDC to trust your AD server:

  1. Run an MIT Kerberos KDC and realm local to the cluster and create all service principals in this realm.
  2. Set up one-way cross-realm trust from this realm to the Active Directory realm. Using this method, there is no need to create service principals in Active Directory, but Active Directory principals (users) can be authenticated to Hadoop. See Configuring a Local MIT Kerberos Realm to Trust Active Directory.

Continue reading:

Configuring a Local MIT Kerberos Realm to Trust Active Directory

On the Active Directory Server

  Note: Run these commands on every domain controller that is advertising itself for the Active Directory domain (and every domain controller that is promoted subsequently).
  1. Type the following command to specify the local MIT KDC host name (for example, and local realm (for example, YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM):
  2. Type the following command to add the local realm trust to Active Directory:
    netdom trust YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM /Domain:AD-REALM.COMPANY.COM /add /realm /passwordt:<TrustPassword>
  3. Type the following command to set the proper encryption type:

    On Windows 2003 RC2:

    ktpass /MITRealmName YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM /TrustEncryp <enc_type>

    On Windows 2008:

    ksetup /SetEncTypeAttr YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM <enc_type>

    where the <enc_type> parameter specifies AES, DES, or RC4 encryption. Refer to the documentation for your version of Windows Active Directory to find the <enc_type> parameter string to use.

      Important: Make sure the encryption type you specify is supported on both your version of Windows Active Directory and your version of MIT Kerberos.

On the MIT KDC server

Type the following command in the kadmin.local or kadmin shell to add the cross-realm krbtgt principal. Use the same password you used in the netdom command on the Active Directory Server.

kadmin:  addprinc -e "<enc_type_list>" krbtgt/YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM@AD-REALM.COMPANY.COM

where the <enc_type_list> parameter specifies the types of encryption this cross-realm krbtgt principal will support: either AES, DES, or RC4 encryption. You can specify multiple encryption types using the parameter in the command above, what's important is that at least one of the encryption types corresponds to the encryption type found in the tickets granted by the KDC in the remote realm. For example:

kadmin:  addprinc -e "rc4-hmac:normal des3-hmac-sha1:normal" krbtgt/YOUR-LOCAL-REALM.COMPANY.COM@AD-REALM.COMPANY.COM

The cross-realm krbtgt principal that you add in this step must have at least one entry that uses the same encryption type as the tickets that are issued by the remote KDC. If no entries have the same encryption type, then the problem you will see is that authenticating as a principal in the local realm will allow you to successfully run Hadoop commands, but authenticating as a principal in the remote realm will not allow you to run Hadoop commands.

On all of the cluster machines

  1. Verify that both Kerberos realms are configured on all of the cluster boxes. Note that the default realm and the domain realm should remain set as the MIT Kerberos realm which is local to the cluster.
        kdc =
        admin_server =
        default_domain =
        kdc =
        admin_server =
        default_domain =
  2. To properly translate principal names from the Active Directory realm into local names within Hadoop, you must configure the setting in the core-site.xml file on all of the cluster machines. The following example translates all principal names with the realm AD-REALM.CORP.FOO.COM into the first component of the principal name only. It also preserves the standard translation for the default realm (the cluster realm).

For more information about name mapping rules, see:  Configuring the Mapping from Kerberos Principals to Short Names

Page generated September 3, 2015.