Example for using THttpClient API in secure cluster

Refer to this example of using the THttpClient API in secure cluster.

THttpClient API in secure cluster

Let us consider that the cluster is secured with the configuration properties mentioned in the HBase thrift configurations table under the Default value (secured) column.

Before proceeding, ensure that the following applications are installed on your system.

  • python 3.6.8 and python 3-devel
  • pip 21.3.1
  • virtualenv 20.17.1

Perform the following steps:

  1. Install virtualenv using pip3.
    pip3 install virtualenv
  2. Create a new virtual environment named py3env.
    virtualenv py3env
  3. Activate the virtual environment.
    source py3env/bin/activate
  4. Install the required Python packages and their specific versions. Consider you are inside the python3 virtual environment.
    pip3 install kerberos==1.3.1 pure-sasl==0.6.2 setuptools==59.6.0 six==1.16.0 wheel==0.37.1

This ensures that you have all the necessary dependencies and packages installed to proceed with your project.

from thrift.transport import THttpClient
from thrift.protocol import TBinaryProtocol
from hbase.Hbase import Client
from subprocess import call
import ssl
import kerberos
import os

# Get the env parameters
def get_env_params():
    # Replace with your own parameters
    principal = 'your_principal'
    return hostname,cert_file,key_file,ca_file,keytab_file,principal,key_pw

#Check if a valid Kerberos ticket is already present in the cache
def check_kerberos_ticket():
    ccache_file = os.getenv('KRB5CCNAME')
    if ccache_file:
        ccache = CCache.load_ccache(ccache_file)
        if ccache.get_principal() and not ccache.get_principal().is_anonymous():
            return True
    return False

# Obtain a Kerberos ticket by running kinit from keytab
def kinit(keytab_file,principal):
    call(['kinit', '-kt', keytab_file, principal])

# Authenticate with Kerberos
def kerberos_auth():
    __, krb_context = kerberos.authGSSClientInit("HTTP")
    kerberos.authGSSClientStep(krb_context, "")
    negotiate_details = kerberos.authGSSClientResponse(krb_context)
    headers = {'Authorization': 'Negotiate ' + negotiate_details, 'Content-Type': 'application/binary'}
    return headers

# Initializete an SSL context with certificate verification enabled
def get_ssl_context():
    ssl_context = ssl.create_default_context()
    return ssl_context

if __name__ == '__main__':
    # Check if a valid Kerberos ticket is not in the cache, then kinit.
    if not check_kerberos_ticket():

# create a THttpClient instance with the SSL context and custom headers
    httpClient = THttpClient.THttpClient('https://' + hostname + ':9090/', ssl_context=get_ssl_context())

# Initialize TBinaryProtocol with THttpClient
    protocol = TBinaryProtocol.TBinaryProtocol(httpClient)

# Create HBase client
    client = Client(protocol)
# Retrieve list of HBase tables
    tables = client.getTableNames()
# Close connection