2.2.1.  Overview

Hadoop uses users' group memberships at various places for things like determining group ownership for files or for access control. To configure Hadoop for use with Kerberos and Ambari you must create a mapping between service principals and rthese UNIX usernames..

A user is mapped to the groups it belongs to using an implementation of the GroupMappingServiceProvider interface. The implementation is pluggable and is configured in core-site.xml.

By default Hadoop uses ShellBasedUnixGroupsMapping, which is an implementation of GroupMappingServiceProvider. It fetches the group membership for a username by executing a UNIX shell command. In secure clusters, since the usernames are actually Kerberos principals, ShellBasedUnixGroupsMapping will work only if the Kerberos principals map to valid UNIX usernames. Hadoop provides a feature that lets administrators specify mapping rules to map a Kerberos principal to a local UNIX username .

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