Connecting Kafka clients to Data Hub provisioned clusters

Learn how to connect Kafka clients to clusters provisioned with Data Hub.

Use the following steps to connect Kafka clients to clusters provisioned with Data Hub. Configuration examples provided in this list of steps assume that the cluster you are connecting to was provisioned with a Streams Messaging cluster definition.

  • If you are connecting your clients from outside of your virtual network (VPC or Vnet) verify that both inbound and outbound traffic is enabled on the port used by Kafka brokers for secure communication. The default port is 9093. For more information, see the following resources:
  • If you are connecting your clients over the internet, verify that your virtual network (VPC or Vnet) is assigned a public IP address. For more information, see the following resources:
  • Clients connecting to Data Hub provisioned clusters require a CDP user account that provides access to the required CDP resources. Verify that a CDP user account with the required roles and permissions is available for use. If not, create one. Any type of CDP user account can be used. If you are creating a new account to be used by Kafka clients, Cloudera recommends that you create a machine user account. For more information, see User Management in the Cloudera Management Console documentation.

  • In addition to the CDP user account having access to the required CDP resources, the user account also needs to have the correct policies assigned to it in Ranger. Otherwise, the client cannot perform tasks on Kafka resources. These policies are specified within the Ranger instance that provides authorization to the Kafka service you want to connect to. For more information, see the Cloudera Runtime documentation on Apache Ranger and the Kafka specific Ranger documentation.

  1. Obtain the FreeIPA certificate of your environment:
    1. From the CDP Home Page navigate to Management Console > Environments.
    2. Locate and select your environment from the list of available environments.
    3. Go to the Summary tab.
    4. Scroll down to the FreeIPA section.
    5. Click Actions > Get FreeIPA Certificate.
      The FreeIPA certificate file, [ENVIRONMENT NAME]-env.crt, is downloaded to your computer.
    The FreeIPA certificate downloads.
  2. Add the FreeIPA certificate to the truststore of the client.
    The certificate needs to be added for all clients that you want to connect to the Data Hub provisioned cluster. The exact steps of adding the certificate to the truststore depends on the platform and key management software used. For example, you can use the Java Keytool command line tool:
    keytool -import -keystore [CLIENT_TRUSTSTORE.JKS] -alias [ALIAS] -file [FREEIPA_CERT]
  3. Obtain CDP workload credentials:
    A valid workload username and password has to be provided to the client, otherwise it cannot connect to the cluster. Credentials can be obtained from Management Console.
    1. From the CDP Home Page navigate to Management Console > User Management .
    2. Locate and select the user account you want to use from the list of available accounts.
      The user details page displays information about the user.
    3. Find the username found in the Workload Username entry and note it down.
    4. Find the Workload Password entry and click Set Workload Password.
    5. In the dialog box that appears, enter a new workload password, confirm the password and note it down.
    6. Fill out the Environment text box.
    7. Click Set Workload Password and wait for the process to finish.
    8. Click close.
  4. Configure clients.
    In order for clients to be able to connect to Kafka brokers, all required security related properties have to be added to the client's properties file. The following example configuration lists the default properties that are needed when connecting clients to a cluster provisioned by Data Hub with a Streams Messaging cluster definition. If you made changes to the security configuration of the brokers, or provisioned a custom cluster with non-default Kafka security settings, make sure to change the appropriate parameters in the client configuration as well.
    security.protocol=SASL_SSL
    sasl.mechanism=PLAIN
    ssl.truststore.location=/var/private/ssl/kafka.client.truststore.jks
    ssl.truststore.password=SamplePassword123
    sasl.jaas.config= \ 
    org.apache.kafka.common.security.plain.PlainLoginModule required \
        username="[USERNAME]" \
        password="[PASSWORD]";

    Replace [USERNAME] and [PASSWORD] with the workload username and password obtained in step3.

  5. Obtain Kafka broker hostnames:
    You can obtain the Kafka broker hostnames from the Cloudera Manager UI.
    1. From the CDP Home Page navigate to Management Console > Environments.
    2. Locate and select your environment from the list of available environments.
    3. Select the Data Hub cluster you want to connect to from the list of available clusters.
    4. Click the link found in the Cloudera Manger Info section.
      You are redirected to the Cloudera Manager web UI.
    5. Click Clusters and select the cluster that the Kafka service is running on.
      The default name for clusters created with a Streams Messaging Cluster definition is streams-messaging.
    6. Select the Kafka service.
    7. Go to Instances.

      The Kafka broker hostnames are listed in the Hostname column.

  6. Connect clients to brokers.
    Connect the clients by supplying them with the broker hostnames obtained in step 5. The actions you need to take differ depending on the type of client you are using.
    Custom developed Kafka Applications
    When producing or consuming messages with your own Kafka client application, you have to provide the Kafka broker hostnames within the client code.
    Kafka console producer and consumer
    When producing or consuming messages with the kafka-console-consumer or kafka-console-producer command line tools, run the producer or consumer with the appropriate hostnames. For example:
    kafka-console-producer --broker-list [HOSTNAME]:[PORT] --topic [TOPIC]
    kafka-console-consumer --bootstrap-server [HOSTNAME]:[PORT] --topic [TOPIC] --from-beginning
Kafka clients are configured and are able to connect to Data Hub provisioned clusters.