A simple working example of a producer program.

Note that this consumer is designed as an infinite loop. In normal operation of Kafka, all the producers could be idle while consumers are likely to be still running.

The example includes Java properties for setting up the client identified in the comments; the functional parts of the code are in bold. This code is compatible with versions as old as the 0.9.0-kafka-2.0.0 version of Kafka.

package com.cloudera.kafkaexamples;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Properties;

import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerConfig;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecord;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.ConsumerRecords;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.consumer.KafkaConsumer;
import org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer;

public class SimpleConsumer {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // Set up client Java properties
        Properties props = new Properties();
        // Just a user-defined string to identify the consumer group
        props.put(ConsumerConfig.GROUP_ID_CONFIG, "test");
        // Enable auto offset commit
        props.put(ConsumerConfig.ENABLE_AUTO_COMMIT_CONFIG, "true");
        props.put(ConsumerConfig.AUTO_COMMIT_INTERVAL_MS_CONFIG, "1000");

        try (KafkaConsumer<String, String> consumer = new KafkaConsumer<>(props)) {
            // List of topics to subscribe to
            while (true) {
                try {
                    ConsumerRecords<String, String> records = consumer.poll(100);
                    for (ConsumerRecord<String, String> record : records) {
                        System.out.printf("Offset = %d\n", record.offset());
                        System.out.printf("Key    = %s\n", record.key());
                        System.out.printf("Value  = %s\n", record.value());
                } catch (Exception e) {