Accessing non-public CDE virtual clusters via SOCKS proxy

A SOCKS proxy server, or jump host, allows your web browser to connect securely to a non-public Cloudera Data Engineering (CDE) endpoint. When you connect to the CDE endpoint using its internal IP, the browser connects to the proxy server, which performs the required SSH tunneling, and forwards the request to the internal CDE endpoint.

This topic describes how to configure a SOCKS proxy to access CDE Virtual Clusters on non-publicly routable VPCs.
  1. In a VPC with a public subnet, which can also route to the target VPC where the CDE Load Balancer is running, create an EC2 instance for your SOCKS server (for example, my-ec2-jump-host) with a public IP and an SSH key-pair (for example, my-key-file.pem).

    The instance does not need to be large, for example on AWS a micro instance is usually sufficient, but may need to be larger depending on how many users are using it concurrently.

    Depending on whether you want multiple users to share the jump host or have everyone create their own server, pick the SSH key pair for the instance accordingly.

    Related AWS Documentation: Getting Started with Amazon EC2 Instances, Amazon EC2 Key Pairs

    1. Set up a SOCKS proxy server via SSH to the EC2 instance using below command:
    nohup ssh -i "SSH-key-pair" -CND <SOCKS-Proxy-Port> ec2-user@<jump-host-public-IP> &
    Example: nohup ssh -i "my-key-file.pem" -CND 8157 ec2-user@<public ip for my-ec2-jump-host> &
    • nohup(optional) is a POSIX command to ignore the HUP (hangup) signal so that the proxy process is not terminated automatically if the terminal process is later terminated.
    • my-key-file.pem is the private key you used to create the EC2 instance where the SOCKS server is running.
    • C sets up compression.
    • N suppresses any command execution once established.
    • D 8157 sets up the SOCKS 5 proxy on the port. The port number 8157 in this example is arbitrary, but must match the port number you specify in your browser configuration in step 2.
    • ec2-user is the AMI username for the EC2 instance. The AMI username can be found in the details for the instance displayed in the AWS Management Console on the Instances page under the Usage Instructions tab.
    • <public ip for my-ec2-jump-host>is the public IP address of the EC2 instance running the SOCKS server you created above.
    • & (optional) causes the SSH connection to run as an operating system background process, independent of the command shell. Without the &, you leave your terminal open while the proxy server is running and use another terminal window to issue other commands.
  2. Configure Your Browser to Use the Proxy.
    Using Google Chrome

    By default, Google Chrome uses system-wide proxy settings on a per-profile basis. To get around that you can start Chrome using the Command Line and specify the following:

    • The SOCKS proxy port to use (must be the same value used in step 1, 8157 in example above)
    • The profile to use (new profile created in the example below)
    1. Run the following commands to create a new profile and launch a new instance of Chrome that does not interfere with any currently running instance.
      For Linux:
      /usr/bin/google-chrome \
      --user-data-dir="$HOME/chrome-with-proxy" \

      For MacOS

      "/Applications/Google Chrome" \
      --user-data-dir="$HOME/chrome-with-proxy" \

      For Windows

      "C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe" ^
      --user-data-dir="%USERPROFILE%\chrome-with-proxy" ^

These steps enable you to navigate to any CDE virtual cluster in the browser launched using SOCKS proxy.