Replicating data to Impala clusters

Impala metadata is replicated as part of regular Hive/Impala replication operations.

Replicating Impala Metadata

Impala metadata replication is performed as a part of Hive replication. Impala replication is only supported between two CDH clusters. The Impala and Hive services must be running on both clusters.

To enable Impala metadata replication, perform the following tasks:
  1. Schedule a Hive replication.
  2. Confirm that the Replicate Impala Metadata option is set to Yes on the Advanced tab in the Create Hive Replication dialog.
When you set the Replicate Impala Metadata option to Yes, Impala UDFs (user-defined functions) will be available on the target cluster, just as on the source cluster. As part of replicating the UDFs, the binaries in which they are defined are also replicated.

Invalidating Impala Metadata

For Impala clusters that do not use LDAP authentication, you can configure Hive replication jobs to automatically invalidate Impala metadata after replication completes. If the clusters use Sentry, the Impala user should have permissions to run INVALIDATE METADATA.

The configuration causes the Hive/Impala replication job to run the Impala INVALIDATE METADATA statement per table on the destination cluster after completing the replication. The statement purges the metadata of the replicated tables and views within the destination cluster's Impala upon completion of replication, allowing other Impala clients at the destination to query these tables successfully with accurate results. However, this operation is potentially unsafe if DDL operations are being performed on any of the replicated tables or views while the replication is running. In general, directly modifying replicated data/metadata on the destination is not recommended. Ignoring this can lead to unexpected or incorrect behavior of applications and queries using these tables or views.

To configure the option, perform the following tasks:
  1. Schedule a Hive replication.
  2. On the Advanced tab, select the Invalidate Impala Metadata on Destination option.

Alternatively, you can run the INVALIDATE METADATA statement manually for replicated tables.