Cloud storage

Providing custom extensions / NARs

The binary that is deployed for running AWS Lambda does not include the full NiFi deployment with all NARs / extensions to avoid very long startup times and requiring more expensive configurations for Lambda. Instead, it packages only the NARs necessary to run Stateless NiFi as well as the AWS NAR. If any other extension is needed to run the data flow, it will be automatically downloaded when the Lambda function is initialized on a cold start. The extensions will be downloaded from the Cloudera Maven Repository by default.

However, you can configure an alternate Nexus repository by setting the NEXUS_URL environment variable to the URL of the Nexus Repository where extensions should be downloaded. For example, to use Google's mirror of the Maven Central repository, set the NEXUS_URL environment variable to https://maven-central.storage-download.googleapis.com/maven2.

This is the recommended approach for downloading extensions that are made available by Cloudera or Apache NiFi. However, if there is a need to provide custom extensions, a simpler route is usually to use Lambda's Layers capability.

  1. Create a zip file containing all NAR files that you will need.

  2. In the AWS console (or through the CLI), add a layer to your Lambda function, providing the zip file as the source for the layer.

  3. Tell Lambda where to look for those extensions by adding another environment variable whose name starts with EXTENSIONS_DIR_.

    You can add multiple extensions, such as EXTENSIONS_DIR_1, EXTENSIONS_DIR_2, EXTENSIONS_DIR_MY_CUSTOM_LIBS. The name of the environment variable is the path where Lambda should look for the extensions. If the zip file provided as a layer does not contain any directories, the value should be /opt. If the zip file is to contain some directory, (for example, extensions/nars), the value for the environment variable would be set to /opt/extensions/nars.

If you add a larger layer, the Lambda configuration takes a bit longer to load on a cold start, and it takes more memory to load the additional classes. So it is not recommended to upload extremely large zip files of extensions if they are not needed.

Providing additional resources

Besides NiFi extensions, some data flows may also require additional resources to work. For example, a JDBC driver for establishing a database connection, or a CSV file for data enrichment. The recommended approach for providing such resources to your Lambda function is through Lambda Layers. You can create a zip file containing the resources that are required for your data flow. This zip file will be extracted into the /opt directory to be accessed by the data flow.

As each deployment of a data flow may need to reference files in a different location depending on its environment, it is a best practice to parameterize resources that need to be accessed by the data flow.

For example, if the data flow contains a DBCPConnectionPool Controller Service for accessing a database, you should use a parameter for the Database Driver Location(s) property of the Controller Service. This way each deployment can specify the location of the JDBC driver independently.

  1. Set the Database Driver Location(s) property to #{JDBC_DRIVER_LOCATION}.

  2. In Lambda, add a layer that contains our JDBC driver, database-jdbc-driver.jar.

  3. Add an Environment Variable named JDBC_DRIVER_LOCATION with a value of /opt/database-jdbc-driver.jar.

This way your data flow can be deployed (reused) in many different environments.

S3 Bucket storage

If the extensions or resources of your data flow exceed the size limit of Lambda Layers, you can provide these files in an S3 bucket.

  1. Specify the S3 bucket name in the STORAGE_BUCKET environment variable.

  2. Upload any extensions to a directory in the S3 bucket and specify the directory name in the STORAGE_EXTENSIONS_DIRECTORY environment variable.

  3. Upload any data flow resources to another directory in the bucket and specify the directory name in the STORAGE_RESOURCES_DIRECTORY environment variable.

When your Lambda function does a cold start, it will download any extensions or resources from these locations.