An important step in building a data flow that you can run outside of the NiFi instance where it was built is the concept of parameterization. NiFi allows you to define Processor and Controller Service properties at runtime instead of at build time by using Parameter Contexts. The Lambda function handler allows you to specify the parameters in two ways: using environment variables or using the AWS Secrets Manager.

Environment variables

Any parameter can be specified using the environment variables of the AWS Lambda function. When configuring the Lambda function, simply add an environment variable whose name matches the name of a parameter in your Parameter Context.

AWS Secrets Manager

A more secure mechanism for storing parameters is to use the AWS Secrets Manager.

  1. Open the AWS Secrets Manager and click Store a new secret.
  2. For secret type, select Other type of secret.
  3. Provide your secret information, such as credentials and connection details, as key/value pairs.
    Enter one or more key/value pairs to use as parameters. Each key provided to the Secret Manager maps to a parameter in the data flow's Parameter Context with the same name.

    If the name of the secret matches the name of the Parameter Context in the data flow, there is no further configuration needed. The Lambda function will automatically configure the data flow to pull the specified secret's values to represent the Parameter Context.

  4. When you are ready, click Next.
  5. Provide a name for your secret.
  6. You can configure other options like tags, resource permissions, rotation schedule and others.
  7. On the Review page, review your secret details, and click Store.


    You developed a data flow with a Parameter Context named AWS_CONTEXT, and you want to deploy this data flow three times. The first time, it should use the values in the "Context_1" secret. For the second deployment, it should use values for the "Context_2" secret. For the third deployment, it should use values from the "Context_3" secret.

    To accomplish this, you can specify an environment variable named PARAM_CONTEXT_AWS_CONTEXT. In this case, the name of the environment variable is PARAM_CONTEXT_ followed by the name of the Parameter Context. The value of the environment variable will be the name of the secret in the AWS Secrets Manager.

    For the first deployment you would use the environment variable PARAM_CONTEXT_AWS_CONTEXT with a value of "Context_1". For the second deployment, you would use an environment variable named PARAM_CONTEXT_AWS_CONTEXT with a value of "Context_2" and so on.

    If your data flow contains multiple Parameter Contexts, you can also map each of them to different secrets. For example, if you have a Parameter Context named AWS_CONTEXT and another one named CLOUDERA_CONTEXT, and you wanted to map those to secrets named "Context_1" and "Cldr_Context" respectively, you could do so by adding two environment variables: PARAM_CONTEXT_AWS_CONTEXT = "Context_1" and PARAM_CONTEXT_CLOUDERA_CONTEXT = "Cldr_Context".

    Additionally, you can simply default all Parameter Contexts whose names do not map any secrets in AWS Secrets Manager to use a default secret by setting an environment variable named DEFAULT_PARAM_CONTEXT. The value of this environment variable should be the name of the secret to use.

Now you can update the permissions of your Lambda:

  1. Navigate to Configuration > Permissions.
  2. Click the arrow next to the role name.

    Identity and Access Management (IAM) opens on a new browser tab.

  3. Click Add permissions to attach a new policy.
    You can attach a policy to grant the right permissions to the specific secret(s) that should be accessed by the Lambda.

    This is an example of a policy to grant your Lambda access to your secret. Make sure to update the policy with the ARN of your secret.

      "Version": "2012-10-17",
      "Statement": [
          "Effect": "Allow",
          "Action": [
          "Resource": [
          "Effect": "Allow",
          "Action": "secretsmanager:ListSecrets",
          "Resource": "*"